The Lists

Developed by Canadian national societies representing a broad spectrum of clinicians, these lists contain tests and treatments commonly used that are not supported by evidence, and/or could expose patients to unnecessary harm.


Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society


Canadian Cardiovascular Society

Critical care (NEW)

Canadian Critical Care Society
Canadian Association of Critical Care Nurses
Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists

Emergency medicine

Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians

Endocrinology and metabolism

Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Family medicine

CMA's Forum on General and Family Practice Issues
College of Family Physicians of Canada


Canadian Association of Gastroenterology

General surgery

Canadian Association of General Surgeons


Canadian Geriatrics Society


Canadian Headache Society


Canadian Hematology Society

Hospital medicine

Canadian Society of Hospital Medicine

Infectious disease

Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada

Inflammatory bowel disease (NEW)

Canadian IBD Network for Research and Growth in Quality Improvement
Crohn’s and Colitis Canada
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology

Internal medicine

Canadian Society of Internal Medicine

Long term care (NEW)

Long Term Care Medical Directors Association of Canada

Medical genetics (NEW)

Canadian College of Medical Geneticists

Medical microbiology (NEW)

Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Canada

Medical students and trainees

Canadian Federation of Medical Students
Fédération médicale étudiante du Québec


Canadian Society of Nephrology

Nuclear medicine

Canadian Association of Nuclear Medicine

Nursing (NEW)

Canadian Nurses Association

Obstetrics and Gynaecology (NEW)

Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

Occupational medicine

Occupational Medicine Specialists of Canada


Canadian Association of Medical Oncologists
Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology
Canadian Partnership Against Cancer
Canadian Society for Surgical Oncology


Canadian Orthopaedic Association

Otolaryngology: head & neck surgery

Canadian Society of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery

Paediatric surgery

Canadian Association of Paediatric Surgeons


Canadian Paediatric Society

Palliative care

Canadian Society of Palliative Care Physicians


Canadian Association of Pathologists

Pediatric neurosurgery (NEW)

The Canadian Pediatric Neurosurgery Study Group

Physical medicine and rehabilitation

Canadian Association of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Canadian Academy of Geriatric Psychiatry
Canadian Psychiatric Association


Canadian Association of Radiologists

Respiratory medicine (NEW)

Canadian Thoracic Society


Canadian Rheumatology Association


Canadian Spine Society

Sport and exercise medicine (NEW)

Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine

Transfusion medicine

Canadian Society for Transfusion Medicine


Canadian Urological Association

Vascular surgery

Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery